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Petrogenesis and geodynamic setting of Early Cretaceous mafic-ultramafic intrusions, South China: A case study from the Gan-Hang tectonic belt
Youqiang Qi; Ruizhong Hu; Shen Liu; Ian M. Coulson; Huawen Qi; Jianji Tian; Jingjing Zhu
2016
Source PublicationLithos
Volume258Issue:1Pages:149-162
AbstractA study using whole-rock major-trace elements and Sr-Nd isotopes as well as zircon U-Pb dating has been carried out on Early Cretaceous mafic-ultramafic intrusions from the Gan-Hang tectonic belt (GHTB), South China, to understand the origin of mantle sources and the sequential evolution of the underlying Late Mesozoic lithospheric mantle of this area. The study focused on two intrusions, one at Quzhou and the other at Longyou (see Fig. 1). They are primarily composed of mafic-ultramafic rocks with wide range of chemical compositions. The Quzhou mafic rocks have relatively narrow ranges of SiO2 (48.94-51.79 wt), MgO (6.07-7.21 wt%), Fe2O3 (10.48-11.56 wt%), CaO (8.20-8.81 wt%), and Mg# (51.7-56.5) with relatively low K2O (0.56-0.67 wt%) and Na2O (3.09-3.42 wt%). By contrast, the ultramafic rocks from Longyou have distindt lower SiO2 (41.50-45.11 wt%) and higher MgO (9.05-9.90 wt%), Fe2O3 (12.14-12.62 wt%), CaO (8.64-10.67 wt%), and Mg# (59.5-61.1) with relatively higher K2O (132-1.75 wt%) and Na2O (4.53-5.08 wt%). They are characterized by Ocean Island Basalts (OIB)-type trace element distribution patterns, with a significant enrichment of light rare earth elements (LREE), large ion lithophile elements (LILE, i.e., Rb, Ba, K, and Sr) and high field strength elements (HFSE, i.e., Nb, Ta), and slight depletion of Th, U, Ti, and Y. The intrusions exhibit relatively depleted Sr-Nd isotope compositions, with (Sr-87/Sr-86); range of 0.7035 to 0.7055 (Nd-143/Nd-144), of 0.51264 to 0.51281 and epsilon(Nd)(t) values of +3.0 to + 6.6. Zircon U-Pb dating of Longyou and Quzhou intrusions yields consistent magma emplacement ages of 129.0 +/- 3.9 to 1262 +/- 2. 4 Ma, respectively. The dating results are consistent with the peak of extension in Early Cretacerous throughout the Gan-Hang tectonic belt. Their magmas were principally derived from near solidus partial melting of pyroxenites with different content of silica, and the pyroxenites were resulted from a juvenile SCLM peridotite metasomatized by adakitic and felsic melts under a subducted oceanic crustlithospheric mantle in Neoproterozoic. During the subduction of the oceanic crust, the juvenile SCLM can be sandwiched by the ancient SCLM above and the pyroxenites below and stored for hundreds of millions of years until Late Mesozoic. Then partial melting of the pyroxenites was triggered during the peak of extension in response to the tectonic reactivation of the GHTB in Early Cretaceous. It is clear that fault reactivation and structural constraints within the GHTB had played an important role in its magmatic evolution.
Subject Area矿床地球化学
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.gyig.ac.cn/handle/352002/6221
Collection矿床地球化学国家重点实验室_矿床地球化学国家重点实验室_期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Youqiang Qi,Ruizhong Hu,Shen Liu,et al. Petrogenesis and geodynamic setting of Early Cretaceous mafic-ultramafic intrusions, South China: A case study from the Gan-Hang tectonic belt[J]. Lithos,2016,258(1):149-162.
APA Youqiang Qi.,Ruizhong Hu.,Shen Liu.,Ian M. Coulson.,Huawen Qi.,...&Jingjing Zhu.(2016).Petrogenesis and geodynamic setting of Early Cretaceous mafic-ultramafic intrusions, South China: A case study from the Gan-Hang tectonic belt.Lithos,258(1),149-162.
MLA Youqiang Qi,et al."Petrogenesis and geodynamic setting of Early Cretaceous mafic-ultramafic intrusions, South China: A case study from the Gan-Hang tectonic belt".Lithos 258.1(2016):149-162.
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