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Perfluoroalkyl acids in surface waters and tapwater in the Qiantang River watershed-Influences from paper, textile, and leather industries
Guo-Hui Lu;  Nan Gai;  Peng Zhang;  Hai-Tao Piao;  Shu Chen;  Xiao-Chun Wang ;  Xing-Chun Jiao;  Xiao-Cai Yin;  Ke-Yan Tan;  Yong-Liang Yang
2017
Source PublicationChemosphere
Volume185Pages:610-617
Abstract

Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are widely used as multi-purpose surfactants or water/oil repellents. In order to understand the contamination level and compositional profiles of PFAAs in aqueous environment in textile, leather, and paper making industrial areas, surface waters and tap waters were collected along the watershed of the Qiantang River where China's largest textile, leather, and paper making industrial bases are located. For comparison, surface water and tapwater samples were also collected in Hangzhou and its adjacent areas. 17 PFAAs were analyzed by solid phase extraction-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The results show that the total concentrations of PFAA5 (Sigma PFAAs) in the Qiantang River waters ranged from 106.1 to 322.9 ng/L, averaging 164.2 ng/L. The contamination levels have been found to be extremely high, comparable to the levels of the most serious PFAA contamination in surface waters of China. The PFAA composition profiles were characterized by the dominant PFOA (average 58.1% of the total PFAAs), and PFHxA (average 18.8%). The PFAAs in tap water ranged from 9.5 to 174.8 ng/L, showing PFAA compositional pattern similar to the surface waters. Good correlations between PFAA composition profiles in tap waters and the surface waters were observed.

KeywordPerfluoroalkyl Substances Surface Water Tap Water The Qiantang River
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.gyig.ac.cn/handle/42920512-1/8050
Collection环境地球化学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Eco-geochemistry of Ministry of Land and Resources, National Research Center for Geo-analysis, Beijing, 100037, China
2.The State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, 550002, China
3.Anshan Normal College, Anshan, 114016, China
4.College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo-Hui Lu;Nan Gai;Peng Zhang;Hai-Tao Piao;Shu Chen;Xiao-Chun Wang ;Xing-Chun Jiao;Xiao-Cai Yin;Ke-Yan Tan;Yong-Liang Yang. Perfluoroalkyl acids in surface waters and tapwater in the Qiantang River watershed-Influences from paper, textile, and leather industries[J]. Chemosphere,2017,185:610-617.
APA Guo-Hui Lu;Nan Gai;Peng Zhang;Hai-Tao Piao;Shu Chen;Xiao-Chun Wang ;Xing-Chun Jiao;Xiao-Cai Yin;Ke-Yan Tan;Yong-Liang Yang.(2017).Perfluoroalkyl acids in surface waters and tapwater in the Qiantang River watershed-Influences from paper, textile, and leather industries.Chemosphere,185,610-617.
MLA Guo-Hui Lu;Nan Gai;Peng Zhang;Hai-Tao Piao;Shu Chen;Xiao-Chun Wang ;Xing-Chun Jiao;Xiao-Cai Yin;Ke-Yan Tan;Yong-Liang Yang."Perfluoroalkyl acids in surface waters and tapwater in the Qiantang River watershed-Influences from paper, textile, and leather industries".Chemosphere 185(2017):610-617.
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