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Low-temperature alteration of oceanic island basalts and their contribution to transition metal circulation of the ocean
Bu Wenrui;  Shi Xuefa;  Peng Jiantang;  Liu Jihua;  Zhang Mingjie;  Ql Liang
2008
Source PublicationActa Oceanologica Sinica
Volume27Issue:2Pages:35-54
Abstract

The major elements,rare earth elements (REE) and trace elements of four basalt samples from central and western Pacific ferro-manganese crust provinces have been analyzed using chemical methods and ICP - MS,respectively.The results indicate that the samples have been extensively altered and that the contents of their major elements have changed significantly.However,the simi-larity of REE partition patterns and trace element contents of basalt samples to those of fresh oceanic island basalts (OIB) indicate that the basalt samples originated as OIB.Because of low-temperature alteration,the contents of Al2O3 ,Fe2O3 ,MnO,K2O and P2O5 increased,while MgO and FeO decreased.Active components,such as magnesium and iron,were leached from OIB resul-ting in the relative enrichment of SiO2.The leaching of active components can cause the relative enrichment of REE,while the precipitation of LREE-rich ferromanganese oxides in vesicles and fissures not only causes an increase of REE contents,but also induces "fractionation" of LREE and HREE.Based on the enrichment mechanism of REE contents,the theoretical quantities of precipitated ferromanganese oxides and the depleted quantities of active components are calculated :the depleted quantities of ac-tive components for the unit mass of fresh basalts vary in the range of 0.15~0.657,and the precipitated quantities of ferromanga-nese oxides for the unit mass of fresh basahs vary in the range of 0.006~0.042.Of the major elements,the two most depleted are iron,and magnesium,with 18.28%~70.95% of iron and 44.50%~93.94% of magnesium in the fresh basalts was leached out.Theoretical calculation and geochemistry results beth indicate that low-temperature alteration of basalts can supply abundant amount of metals to seawater,and may play an important role in ocean metal circulation.

Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.gyig.ac.cn/handle/42920512-1/8117
Collection矿床地球化学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.KeyLaboratoryofMarineSedimentology&EnvironmentalGeology,FirstInstituteofOceanography,StateOceanicAdministra tion,Qingdao266061,China
2.InstituteofGeochemistry,ChineseAcademyofSciences,Guiyang550002,Chin
3.CollegeofEarthandEnvironmentalScience,LanzhouUniversity,Lanzhou730000,Chin
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bu Wenrui;Shi Xuefa;Peng Jiantang;Liu Jihua;Zhang Mingjie;Ql Liang. Low-temperature alteration of oceanic island basalts and their contribution to transition metal circulation of the ocean[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica,2008,27(2):35-54.
APA Bu Wenrui;Shi Xuefa;Peng Jiantang;Liu Jihua;Zhang Mingjie;Ql Liang.(2008).Low-temperature alteration of oceanic island basalts and their contribution to transition metal circulation of the ocean.Acta Oceanologica Sinica,27(2),35-54.
MLA Bu Wenrui;Shi Xuefa;Peng Jiantang;Liu Jihua;Zhang Mingjie;Ql Liang."Low-temperature alteration of oceanic island basalts and their contribution to transition metal circulation of the ocean".Acta Oceanologica Sinica 27.2(2008):35-54.
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